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This is an Swadesh list of words in English and Afrikaans.

PresentationEdit

For further information, read the Wikipedia article: Swadesh list

A Swadesh word list, developed by the linguist Swadesh, is used as a tool to study the evolution of languages. It contains a set of basic words which can be found in every language to varying degrees. Various versions have been created, in particular:

  • a complete 207 words version, in which some of the words are not found in every environment (it contains for instance snake and snow)
  • a reduced 100 words version.

Some versions are more reliable than others in terms of the universality of concurrence between the words' meanings.

This word list should not be considered as an elementary lexicon to communicate with speakers of a given language; for such a purpose, the numerous existing Wikitravel lexicons are more useful. Its only objective is to give a rough idea of the language, by showing its lexical and, when possible, phonetic basis.

ListEdit

No. English Afrikaans
1 I ek
2 you (singular) jy (informal), u (formal)
3 he hy
4 we ons
5 you (plural) julle (informal), u (formal)
6 they hulle
7 this dié, hierdie
8 that dat, daardie
9 here hier
10 there daar
11 who wie (interrogative)
12 what wat (interrogative)
13 where waar (interrogative)
14 when wanneer (interrogative)
15 how hoe (interrogative)
16 not nie
17 all alle
18 many baie, vele
19 some party, sekere, sommige
20 few min
21 other ander
22 one een
23 two twee
24 three drie
25 four vier
26 five vyf
27 big groot
28 long lank, lang
29 wide wyd
30 thick dik
31 heavy swaar
32 small klein
33 short kort
34 narrow nou, smal
35 thin dun
36 woman vrou
37 man (adult male) man
38 man (human being) mens
39 child kind
40 wife vrou, gade, eggenoot
41 husband man, gade, eggenoot
42 mother moeder
43 father vader
44 animal dier
45 fish vis
46 bird voël
47 dog hond
48 louse luis
49 snake slang
50 worm wurm
51 tree boom
52 forest woud, bos
53 stick stok
54 fruit vrug
55 seed saad
56 leaf blaar
57 root wortel
58 bark (of a tree) bas
59 flower blom
60 grass gras
61 rope tou, koord
62 skin vel
63 meat vleis
64 blood bloed
65 bone been
66 fat (noun) vet
67 egg eier
68 horn horing
69 tail stert
70 feather veer
71 hair haar
72 head kop
73 ear oor
74 eye oog
75 nose neus
76 mouth mond
77 tooth tand
78 tongue (organ) tong
79 fingernail nael, vingernael
80 foot voet
81 leg been
82 knee knie
83 hand hand
84 wing vlerk
85 belly maag
86 guts ingewande
87 neck nek
88 back rug
89 breast bors
90 heart hart
91 liver lewer
92 to drink drink
93 to eat eet
94 to bite byt
95 to suck suig
96 to spit spoeg
97 to vomit kots, opgooi, braak
98 to blow waai, blaas
99 to breathe asemhaal
100 to laugh lag
101 to see sien
102 to hear hoor
103 to know weet
104 to think dink
105 to smell ruik
106 to fear vrees, bang
107 to sleep slaap
108 to live lewe
109 to die sterf, doodgaan
110 to kill doodmaak
111 to fight veg
112 to hunt jag
113 to hit slaan, tref
114 to cut knip, sny
115 to split kloof
116 to stab steek
117 to scratch krap
118 to dig grawe
119 to swim swem
120 to fly vlieg
121 to walk loop, stap, wandel
122 to come kom
123 to lie (as in a bed)
124 to sit sit
125 to stand staan, opstaan (action)
126 to turn (intransitive) draai
127 to fall val
128 to give gee
129 to hold hou
130 to squeeze druk
131 to rub vryf
132 to wash was
133 to wipe vee
134 to pull trek
135 to push stoot
136 to throw gooi
137 to tie bind, knoop
138 to sew naai
139 to count tel
140 to say
141 to sing sing
142 to play speel
143 to float dryf, sweef
144 to flow vloei
145 to freeze vries
146 to swell swel
147 sun son
148 moon maan
149 star ster
150 water water
151 rain reën
152 river rivier
153 lake meer
154 sea see
155 salt sout
156 stone klip
157 sand sand
158 dust stof
159 earth grond
160 cloud wolk
161 fog mis
162 sky lug
163 wind wind, briesie
164 snow sneeu
165 ice ys
166 smoke rook
167 fire vuur
168 ash as
169 to burn brand
170 road pad
171 mountain berg
172 red rooi
173 green groen
174 yellow geel
175 white wit
176 black swart
177 night nag
178 day dag
179 year jaar
180 warm warm
181 cold koud
182 full vol
183 new nuut, nuwe
184 old oud
185 good goed
186 bad sleg
187 rotten vrot
188 dirty vuil
189 straight reguit
190 round rond
191 sharp (as a knife) skerp
192 dull (as a knife) stomp
193 smooth glad
194 wet nat
195 dry droog
196 correct reg, korrek
197 near naby
198 far ver
199 right regs
200 left links
201 at by
202 in in, binne
203 with met
204 and en
205 if as
206 because omdat
207 name naam

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