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This is an Swadesh list of words in English and Arabic.

PresentationEdit

For further information, read the Wikipedia article: Swadesh list

A Swadesh word list, developed by the linguist Swadesh, is used as a tool to study the evolution of languages. It contains a set of basic words which can be found in every language to varying degrees. Various versions have been created, in particular:

  • a complete 207 words version, in which some of the words are not found in every environment (it contains for instance snake and snow)
  • a reduced 100 words version.

Some versions are more reliable than others in terms of the universality of concurrence between the words' meanings.

This word list should not be considered as an elementary lexicon to communicate with speakers of a given language; for such a purpose, the numerous existing Wikitravel lexicons are more useful. Its only objective is to give a rough idea of the language, by showing its lexical and, when possible, phonetic basis.

ListEdit

No. English Arabic
عربية ʕarabiːjæ
IPA
pronunciation
1 I أنا ʔænæ
2 you (singular) أنت ʔæntæ m., ʔæntı f.
3 he هو hʊwæ
4 we نحن næħnʊ
5 you (plural) أنتم, أنتن, أنتما ʔæntʊm m., ʔæntʊnːæ f., ʔæntʊmæː (dual)
6 they هم, هن, هما hʊmː m., hʊnːæ f., hʊmæː (dual)
7 this هذا ,هذﻩ, هؤلا hæːðæː m., hæːðıhı f., hæːʔʊlæːʔı (human pl)
8 that ذلك ,تلك, اولائ ðæːlıkæ m., tılkæ f., ʔʊlæːʔıkæ (human pl)
9 here هنا hʊnæː
10 there هناك hʊnæːk
11 who من mæn
12 what ما, ماذا mæː, mæːðæː
13 where أين ʔɛ̈ınæ
14 when متى mætæː
15 how كيف kɛ̈ıfæ
16 not ليس, لا lɛ̈ısæ, læː
17 all كل kʊlː
18 many كثير kæθiːr
19 some بعض bæʕdˤ
20 few قليل qɑliːl
21 other آخر æːxær
22 one واحد wæːħıd
23 two إثنين ʔıθnɛ̈ın
24 three ثلاثة θælæːθæ
25 four أربعة ʔɑrbæʕæ
26 five خمسة xæmsæ
27 big كبير kæbiːr
28 long طويل tˤɑwiːl
29 wide عريض, واسع ʕæriːdˤ, wæːsıʕ
30 thick سميك sæmiːk
31 heavy ثقيل θæqiːl
32 small صغير sˤɑɣiːr
33 short قصير qɑsˤiːr
34 narrow ضيق dˤɑjːıq
35 thin رقيق rɑqiːq
36 woman إمرأة ʔımrɑʔæ
37 man (male) رجل rɑʤʊl
38 man (human) إنسان ʔınsæːn
39 child طفل tˤıfl
40 wife زوجة zɛ̈ʊʤæ
41 husband زوج zɛ̈ʊʤ
42 mother أم ʔʊmː
43 father أب ʔæb
44 animal حيوان ħæjæwæːn
45 fish سمك sæmæk
46 bird طير tˤɑır
47 dog كلب kælb
48 louse قملة qɑmlæ
49 snake أفعى ʔæfʕæn
50 worm دودة duːdæ
51 tree شجرة ʃæʤɑrɑ
52 forest غابة ɣɑːbæ
53 stick
54 fruit فاكهة
55 seed بذرة bɪðrɑ
56 leaf ورقة
57 root جذر
58 bark (of a tree) جذع
59 flower زهرة
60 grass حشيش ħæʃiːʃ
61 rope حبل
62 skin جلد
63 meat لحم læħm
64 blood دم dæm
65 bone عظم
66 fat (noun) سمن sæmn
67 egg بيض bæɪdˤ
68 horn قرن qɑrn
69 tail ذيل, ذنب
70 feather
71 hair شعر ʃæʕr
72 head رأس rɑʔs
73 ear أذن
74 eye عين ʕæɪn
75 nose أنف ʔænf
76 mouth فم fæm
77 tooth سن sɪnː
78 tongue لسان lɪsæːn
79 fingernail إظفر
80 foot قدم
81 leg ساق
82 knee ركبة
83 hand يد jæd
84 wing جناح
85 belly بطن
86 guts حوايا
87 neck عنق
88 back ظهر ðˤɑhr
89 breast صدر sˤɑdr
90 heart قلب qɑlb
91 liver كبد
92 to drink شرب
93 to eat أكل
94 to bite عض
95 to suck مص
96 to spit تف
97 to vomit قيء qɑɪʔ
98 to blow نفخ
99 to breathe تنفس
100 to laugh ضحك
101 to see رأى
102 to hear سمع
103 to know علم
104 to think فكر
105 to smell شم
106 to fear خاف χɑːf
107 to sleep نام næːm
108 to live عاش ʕæːʃ
109 to die مات mæːt
110 to kill قتل qɑtælæ
111 to fight قاتل
112 to hunt صاد sˤɑːd
113 to hit ضرب dˤɑrɑbæ
114 to cut قطع
115 to split أنصف
116 to stab خز
117 to scratch هرش
118 to dig حفر
119 to swim سبح
120 to fly طار tˤɑːr
121 to walk مشا
122 to come جاء
123 to lie (as in a bed) استلقى
124 to sit جلس
125 to stand قام
126 to turn (intransitive) دار dɑːr
127 to fall سقط
128 to give أعطى
129 to hold مسك
130 to squeeze عصر
131 to rub حف
132 to wash غسل
133 to wipe مسح
134 to pull سحب
135 to push دفع
136 to throw رمى
137 to tie ربط
138 to sew قطب
139 to count أعد
140 to say قال qɑːl
141 to sing غنى
142 to play لعب
143 to float طفا
144 to flow سال
145 to freeze أجلد
146 to swell انتفخ
147 sun شمس ʃæms
148 moon قمر qɑmɑr
149 star نجم nædʒm
150 water ماء mæːʔ
151 rain مطر
152 river نهر næhr
153 lake بركة
154 sea بحر
155 salt ملح
156 stone صخر
157 sand رمل
158 dust تراب
159 earth أرض ʔɑrdˤ
160 cloud سحاب
161 fog ضباب
162 sky سماء sæmæːʔ
163 wind هواء
164 snow ثلج θældʒ
165 ice جليد
166 smoke دخان
167 fire نار
168 ash رماد
169 to burn
170 road
171 mountain جبل
172 red أحْمَرُ
173 green أَخْضَر
174 yellow أَصْفَر
175 white أَبْيَض
176 black أَسْوَد
177 night ليلة
178 day يوم
179 year سنة
180 warm دَفِيء
181 cold بارِد
182 full
183 new جديد
184 old قَدِيم
185 good جَيِّد
186 bad سَيِّئ
187 rotten
188 dirty وَسِخ
189 straight
190 round مُسْتَدِير
191 sharp (as a knife)
192 dull (as a knife)
193 smooth
194 wet
195 dry
196 correct صحيح
197 near قَرِيب
198 far بعيد
199 right يمين
200 left يسير
201 at
202 in في
203 with مع
204 and و
205 if
206 because
207 name اسم

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